Otávio Brandelli is no longer the president of the INPI (Brazilian Patent and Trademark Office – BRPTO). President Dilma published an official notice of dismissal of Brandelli on April 10 last. Brandelli, a Brazilian diplomat, was nominated as the BRPTO’s president on December 17, 2013, and leaves office after less than one and a half year in charge. Brandelli has a strong background in Intellectual Property, having headed up the Intellectual Property division of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs between 2004 and 2008. During his tenure at the BRPTO, new examiners were hired and initial measures were taken to expedite prosecution and to reduce the backlog. Rumors about Brandelli leaving the BRPTO started in January 22, after a meeting in Brasilia between him and the Minister of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade, Armando Monteiro. Since then, there has been strong speculation on the reason for his departure, and the possible candidates to succeed him. Unfortunately, the steps taken to find a replacement candidate have not been made public by the government. The BRPTO needs a president with extensive knowledge in patents, who is able to take the necessary drastic measures to restore a high-quality management at the BRPTO. The BRPTO should be in a position to leverage and speed up the examination process, enabling a patent application to be examined within a maximum of five years. The new presidency should also focus on getting Brazil to sign up to the main international agreements to simplify prosecution, such as for instance the Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH). The lack of transparency regarding the BRPTO’s future should not affect the development of the Intellectual Property in Brazil and the efforts to return to more acceptable standards of performance at the BRPTO. If you have any questions or need additional information, please contact us at prevail@localhost/licks/site.